Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea

Grows slowly, less than a foot per year. Blisters along its skin contain oily balsam. Balsam fir is native to North America, the Northeastern United States and Canada. Tolerant of salt.

Some people are allergic and contact with the leaves or resin can cause contact dermatitis.

Folk names: Balm of Gilead, Northern Balsam, Silver Pine, Blister Fir, Canada Balsam, Eastern Fir.

Balsam Fir is a Evergreen plant that grows best in zones 3 through 5
Light requirements: part sun 
Soil Requirements: moderately rich
Moisture requirements: moderately moist


Dark purple cones

appear in the Summer


Gray-brown and resinous cones 2-4 inches long disintegrate to release winged seeds in September

appear in the Fall.

Balsam Fir is best planted in the Winter for a Winter harvest

Balsam Fir is drought tolerant.
Balsam Fir is shade tolerant

Growing Balsam Fir


Incompatible Plants

Potential Pests and Diseases

Uses for Balsam Fir

Balsam fir is often used as a Christmas tree and for making wreaths and garlands for winter holidays.

The resin of balsam fir was used to make "Canada balsam" used as a glue, for optical instruments, and to permanently mount specimens on microscope slides and as a remedy for colds.

Balsam fir resin can be used as an antiseptic and analgesic coating for burns, scrapes

Resin can be chewed or used to flavor food. Inner bark can be ground and used to thicken soups. Needles from new growth tips can be used to make a vitamin -C rich tea.

Rodents do not like balsam fir.

Also used in potpourri and incense.

Balsam Fir Folklore

Magickal Correspondences for Balsam Fir
Element(s): Fire Air
Planet(s): - -
Zodiac Signs:

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